Maire-Claire Messouma Manlanbien
PRIVATE VIEW: May 21st, 2019, 6 – 8.30 pm
EXHIBITION: May 22nd - June 22nd 2019
For her latest exhibition, Marie-Claire Messouma Manlanbien continues investigating and producing forms that belong to a certain concept of the feminine blackness as it could be conceived beyond the white patriarchal gaze. More unapologetic than ever, her work, however, escapes the expected forms that such a project could occupy: the installation doesn’t feature any-body or any epiderma. The title itself, Forces Field, hints at the idea of both protection and refusal. To speak about force fields when approaching artworks obviously recalls Walter Benjamin’s idea of the “artwork’s aura” as theorised in his well-known essay The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction (1999). But where the aura holds passivity, the force field is active. It suggests strength and endurance.
I want to take the time of those lines to ask for a moment of suspension in order to better locate the origin of Messouma Manlanbien’s force fields, departing from the physicality of the work itself, as well as the ritualistic processes behind its making, and the potentialities that her works hold in their “exhibition” (taken as the act of presenting, showing).
From afar, the sculptures and installations of the artists seem to be made out of rather banal and composite material, with no specific texture. They look like oddly scripted coded messages. They often fool you, as they sometimes are framed in these heavy golden frames that manifest a desire to be luxurious (an exercise in class-dragging). Coming closer, piercing through their force fields (they will decide to let you in), you face a whole new cosmos. They are simili-military maps, made out of dried raffia, human hair, and scraper sponges.
The precarious geometry of these maps seems to both refer to a lost civilisation: one that’s now extinct, but also one that is yet to come. They make the bridge between a foreign past and an unknowable future – where the territory of the black female body is reconfiguring itself permanently, where the cells and its organs can still be moved, uncrystallised and mythological beings. Where the landscape is both vast and intimate, untouched grounds and unmarked skins. Surely, the forms created and unmade by the pathways and nodes of which the works are punctuated also create another alphabet for a language that escapes the coloniser’s gaze and understanding.
Hence, the first force fields of the works, their frames, are often playing with the idea of luxury and preciousness. Although they look like traditional – even classical – frames, their obvious artificiality – more gold than gold – is assumed and claimed. Messouma Manlanbien also adds subtle elements to them in order to confer them with esoteric powers (notice the small nipples). The frames, you will see, actually operate more as sources that guardians. Beyond them, constellations of elements stem out. Like waterfalls falling from the maps, their contaminate floors and walls, presenting islands forming ever-growing archipelagos.
With the help of a Senga Nengudi (with her R.S.V.P series, 1977 – ongoing) and a Joseph Beuys (with Coyote, 1974), it is crucial to understand that Messouma Manlanbien’s works are also used within performative frameworks, where wall-based works and sculptures turn into protective garments. There, they are even more loaded as force fields. For the artist, on a personal level, it is also a way to relate, more intimately, to knowledges and histories that she embodies but are so far apart geographically and historically. By re-appropriating traditional craftmaking techniques and including codes and forms from Ivory Coast’s matriarchal societies, while refusing representation of black subjects, Marie-Claire Messouma Manlanbien inscribes herself in a genealogy of emerging artists challenging the misconceptions of blackness and its embodiments, hiding while showing. Creating force fields around her and beyond.
Text by Cedric Fauq
Curator, Nottingham Contemporary
ABOUT Marie-Claire Messouma Manlanbien
Born in 1990, Marie-Claire Messouma Manlanbien has lived in Paris since leaving Côte d’Ivoire in 2004 during the civil war. In her work, she seeks to juxtapose diverse cultural elements, bringing them together to form new, syncretic pieces with additional layers of meaning. Interested in the complex relationships between notions of a universal popular culture, everyday life, and traditional handmade construction processes, Manlanbien creates physical encounters between industrial and artisanal materials. She is inspired greatly by the traditional practices of the matriarchal Akan society in Côte d’Ivoire, who historically crafted weights in order to value gold. The artist speaks of her intention to create ephemeral, poetic narrations which are in perpetual renewal, resulting in tangible pieces which both ‘witness' and ‘trace’ past diverse cultural histories. She sees her practice as an ongoing development and an exploration into the intersectional positionalities of women, which she represents in part through an experimental approach to the configurations of her works from one exhibition to the next. With each installation she strives to create poetic spaces, each piece manifesting a separate plural identity, representing their myriad cultural influences. Manlanbien defines herself as simultaneously a storyteller of poems and maker of forms.
Manlanbien has exhibited widely since being awarded her MA in Fine Art at the National Superior School of Art in Paris, having shown previously in London, Côte d’Ivoire, Benin, USA, Berlin and most recently in Ireland, where she took part in the 38th International EVA Biennale in Limerick. Since EVA, she has been supported by the French Institute and the French Embassy in Ireland.